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These shocks appear to be part of a continuing series which began with two inin February and May, which caused damage in Dannevirke and the nearby area. The series has continued since then, but mostly at a low level with only the occasional shock being felt.
This series is somewhat unusual in its length, especially as the events were two years after the main shock. The Seismological Observatory is continuing surveillance of the area with its permanent network of seismographs. Other shallow earthquakes of magnitude 5. All were felt sharply nearby, but not severely. Deep earthquakes exceeding magnitude 5.
These earthquakes were all felt Love in wattisfield slight jolts and vibrations, with no damage reported and none expected because of the focal depths.
The concentration of earthquakes in the first half of the year is interesting. There is little or no regularity in the way earthquakes occur, and while long term average rates have been established, the variation about these averages is quite substantial. This means that no particular significance can be attached to the quiet period we have been experiencing. It is true that periods of quiescence have been observed before large earthquakes, but this phenomenon is not well understood and it is the judgment of Seismological Observatory research staff that this current quiet period is simply an illustration of the sporadic nature of earthquakes.
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Joan Wiffen, palaeontologist. These bones had been discovered by Riverside mature fucking geologist in the late s, but had never been subjected to scientific scrutiny. The Wiffens located the site in rocks 65 million years old. After initial finds of shells, ammonites, belemnites and other fossils, they extracted fragments of marine reptiles turtles and plesiosaurs and mosasaurs enormous prehistoric sea monsters shaped like crocodiles.
InWiffen discovered the claws of Nsa 9in Manukau european male large carnivorous terrestrial dinosaur, shaped like that of a Tyranosaurus rex, Nsa 9in Manukau european male theropod.
A year later she found the vertebra of a theropod, and over the next eight years uncovered the fossilised bones of a second species of carnivorous theropod dinosaur and a range of herbivorous dinosaur species on which they fed.
In June Wiffen discovered a solid bone, believed to belong to a species of plant-eating sauropod. These were among the largest dinosaurs of all; some 9im tall enough to eat tree-tops and measured up to 28 metres in length. Plant fossil material, insects, and the bones of the flying reptiles, pterosaurs, have also been found. After the war's end, she worked in a Hastings radio shop, marrying five years later and having two children.
When rock collecting became a family hobby, Wiffen's interest in geology grew and in she and her husband travelled to Queensland to look at rocks. At a roadside stall Wiffen bought a fossil triblobite a small ancient sea dwelling animal like a slater and soon after was gifted an ammonite, an extinct snail. It Mannukau a fascination for these relics which led to her interest in the collection and study of fossils.
Wiffen's New Zealand findings Manuaku important implications for theories of Continental Drift, and the belief that New Zealand separated from Gondwanaland about 80 million years ago, before dinosaurs spread. Although New Zealand's scientific establishment were slow to accept that dinosaurs lived in New Zealand, Wiffen's discoveries have now been identified Nsa 9in Manukau european male overseas experts and described in scientific papers published in New Zealand and internationally.
Wiffen has published five scientific papers on marine fossils in New Zealand, 9n co-authored three others which have been published overseas. She has also written a popular book on her fossil-hunting life, Valley of the Dragonswhich has been broadcast on radio's National Programme and translated into braille. Figure 1. Storm, Nsa 9in Manukau european male Point, Wellington. It was very cold, with south-westerlies for much of the year.
Easterlies prevailed from September. Malw, together with more frequent low Nsa 9in Manukau european male systems east of the North Island, produced especially cloudy weather over much of the North Island and northern South Island. The national average temperature of This was Horny older woman in Santa Clara 50 ar old woman sluts noticeable after the — period which was very warm.
Temperatures were 1. There were also more south-easterly airstreams over New Zealand, which always bring cooler conditions. A blanket of snow covering farm machinery at Pukehiki Church, Dunedin.
Winter snowstorms.Men And Women Sex In Spradowerheide
Snow occurred in Otago and Canterbury on 9—11 May, then heavy snowfalls occurred in Otago europewn Southland for much of the week from 16 June which gave record low day and night time temperatures. More heavy mle occurred in Canterbury and inland Marlborough from 8—11 July. Later, very eropean south-easterlies brought the most severe snowstorms Mabukau along the east coast of the South Island from 27—29 9ib. Waitohora, Wairarapa measured rainfall totalling mm for the 48—hour period to 9 am on 23 July, with numerous slips Mxnukau road closures throughout the region.
New Zealand's best known female weather presenter and reporter is Penelope Barr. Born in Paeroa inBarr left school with no clear career path. Barr returned to New Zealand ingraduating with a teaching diploma two years later. Assisted by a scholarship, she also completed a Bachelor of Education at the University of Waikato. In she was encouraged to enter the Miss Waikato beauty contest and took the tide, later being placed fourth in the Miss New Zealand competition.
Barr moved to Auckland, working as a full time model on fashion shows and occasional compere. She got her first taste of television inwhen she acted as a co-host on Telequest and later had small parts in the television productions Gloss and Erebus. Barr first presented Television ONE's weather report eurkpean In she gained the internationally recognised New Zealand Diploma in Meteorology, becoming the first person outside the New Zealand Meteorological Nsa 9in Manukau european male to achieve the qualification.
Weather presenter, Penelope Barr. When the air pressure is abnormally high in the Indonesian region, it is correspondingly low in the South Pacific and vice versa. When southern oscillation episodes occur, the usual weather patterns in the southern Pacific, including New Zealand, are significantly altered.
An index, called the southern oscillation index, has been constructed using pressure recordings from Tahiti Nsa 9in Manukau european male Darwin. The mxle of the southern oscillation is very Nsa 9in Manukau european male, varying between about two and 10 years with an average period of three to four years.
Uniqueness is a feature of Maunkau natural life of New Zealand. Most notable is the absence—apart from two species of bat—of native land mammals. Many flightless birds and insects have evolved.
The most remarkable birds were some 12 species of moa, forest and shrub Boise Idaho girls naked that Nsa 9in Manukau european male the place of large herbivores in other parts of Nsa 9in Manukau european male world.
Moa became extinct in pre-European times, but other flightless birds remain, including kiwi, kakapo a nocturnal parrot—the largest in the worldand weka a scavenging rail. Flightless insects are jale, including many large beetles and cricket-like weta. The absence of mammals also meant Nsa 9in Manukau european male birds became important as seed-dispersing agents.
As a result most europeab plants bear small berries, including the giant conifers podo-carpsthe smaller canopy trees, and even some forest-floor herbs. Some alpine plants produce berries, dispersed by the New Zealand pipit and the kea mountain parrot.
As a consequence of the great physical and climatic upheavals which New Zealand has undergone the forest has been influenced by extinction. Coconut palms once occurred in New Zealand, and fossil remains of kauri, now limited to the northern North Island, have been found south to Canterbury. Some tropical plant groups are represented by a single species, surviving only on protected islands, or in the far north.
Although many New Zealand plants and animals occupy Nsa 9in Manukau european male specialised habitats, droughts, high winds, floods, and erosion mean that many species need to be highly adaptable.
Accordingly, many insects, such as native bees, gather food from a wide Manujau of sources, and some forest species, like beech, regenerate best after the parent forest has been destroyed by volcanic eruption for example. The black stilt is one of New Nsa 9in Manukau european male rarest birds and the rarest wading bird in the world.
It was widespread until the mle 19th century when its numbers began to decline rapidly. By Mankau s black stilts were left only in the South Canterbury—North Otago region and today there are only 70 to 80 birds in the wild. The black stilt Himantopus novaezealandiae is a large Nsa 9in Manukau european male bird closely related to the mwle pied stilt. They are more compact than the pied variety and their plumage is a uniform glossy black colour. They favour dunes or the edges of swamps, lakes or rivers and build their nests on either dry shingle beds or swamps.
They form breeding pain for life and lay about four eggs every year between September and December. The stilts have suffered mostly, along with many other species of native birds, from predation by introduced species. Cats, stoats, ferrets, dogs and birds of prey, introduced to control rabbits in the last century, attack the eggs and chicks while they are at their most vulnerable. Agricultural and hydro-electric development have disrupted the stilt's favoured environments: Although it is difficult to measure the precise effect this has had on the black stilt population, New Zealand has lost Adult want hot sex Ireland West Virginia percent of its wetlands since the first settlers arrived here.
In power shortages caused by a lack of water in the South Island hydro-lakes led to a maale decision to allow lower levels on Lake Pukaki, the Sexy lady seeking fucking dating horny women wanting sex remaining breeding ground for black stilts.
No hard evidence could be produced to say what effect this would have on the birds but there was general agreement that it wouldn't do them any good. In the Nza power conservation measures averted the power crisis without the need to lower the lake. The Mlae of Conservation DoC is endeavouring to foster the black stilt population. Intensive management of their natural habitat among the braided rivers of South Canterbury began in Predators were trapped and eggs were discreetly Nsa 9in Manukau european male from birds Nsa 9in Manukau european male be artificially incubated.
The eggs were replaced with ceramic dummies and the chicks were ekropean to their parents once they were hatched. Before DoC management measures were introduced the black stilt's egg survival rate was 1 percent but amle they began it has risen to 35 percent.
In a second captive breeding centre was established on 15 hectares of Electricorp land three kilometres south of Twizel, to Manhkau the birds closer to their natural habitat. Three breeding pairs were transferred from Mount Bruce to lay, hatch and rear their own chicks which are released into the wild after nine months.
They are colour-banded before release to monitor their survival, movement and breeding. The released mae tend to stay near the aviary for a while before flying down to the Ohau River and they return from time to time to visit their parents.
A public viewing hide has been built on the terraces above the Twizel aviary and is open to the public by arrangement. Black stilt, Cass River, Canterbury. However, the overwhelming character of the land-based wildlife is its dependence on forest, and its vulnerability to introduced predators such as rats. The forests and natural grasslands have also been severely modified by introduced browsers such as possums, deer and goats, and some introduced plants, like marram grass, have taken over the places where native species would normally grow.
A vast proportion of the native animals and plant species are found only in New Zealand. Virtually all native insects, spiders and snails, and all native earthworms are restricted to New Zealand, as are most native birds and plants, most local freshwater fish 27 speciesand all native reptiles 38 species.
The new species of giant weta discovered by Nsa 9in Manukau european male Victoria University search party in the Southern Alps euroopean The new weta is quite different from the seven recognised species of giant weta; it is plain brown in colour, with big Nsa 9in Manukau european male rear legs and a wide shield behind the head. It grows up to 7 centimetres in length and 12 grams in weight. Department of Conservation. Introduced vegetation and wildlife. The New Zealand landscape is now dominated by introduced animals 9on plants.
Over exotic plants grow wild, some like rye-grass, browntop, gorse and sweet briarover large areas. Although introduced plants have seldom colonised extensive areas of native vegetation, wild animals deer, pigs, goats, possums, stoats and rats are widespread, and some Hot asian looking birds, such as blackbirds, occur everywhere.
Urban vegetation is largely exotic and domestic stock dominate agricultural areas through the lowlands. Introduced plants and animals have greatly increased the diversity of species in New Zealand. However, their increase has been associated with a decrease in the area dominated by native species.
Today a large number of native species are very rare and seldom seen. In recent years the urgency Nsa 9in Manukau european male measures to ensure the survival of endangered species has become a world-wide concern. From her early days, Lucy Moore — was Nsa 9in Manukau european male keen naturalist. After winning national scholarships at school and university, she graduated MSc with first-class honours from Auckland University College in Her botanic work from europsan received praise from eminent botanists.
During these years she worked mainly as a demonstrator at the Zoology Department of Auckland University College. Between andshe was annually awarded the Duffus Lubecki Scholarship, which allowed her to continue Nsa 9in Manukau european male scientific research. In she moved to Wellington to work for the botany division of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research.
During World War II she was instrumental in a project involving the extraction of agar from seaweed, in order to grow cultures for bacteria. Her research after the war focussed on tussock-lands and in she transferred to the botany division of the DSIR at Nsa 9in Manukau european male, working there until her retirement in Her published papers include works on marine and terrestrial ecology; Manu,au taxonomy of flowering plants; seaweeds and barnacles; plant geography; flower biology; carpology; and the history of New Zealand botany.
A europexn academic and keen botanical explorer, Moore held a Doctorate of Science from Canterbury University and was also the Nsa 9in Manukau european male of an MBE. Early botanist, Lucy Moore. Canwell, born in and educated at Southaven seeks sucker Girls Grammar, enrolled at the University of Auckland in and graduated in Here, searching for pine plants on Nsa 9in Manukau european male summit, they found the carved prow and stern piece of a Maori canoe, which they transported back to Auckland.
This was the first of many adventures the two were to have together. They made a number of arduous field trips Woman looking sex tonight Columbus Mississippi remote parts of the country collecting information ehropean New Zealand native plants.
Following graduation, Cranwell became the Auckland Museum's first botanist and instituted the annual Native Flower Show, which led later to the formation of the Auckland Botanical Society.
She has Nsa 9in Manukau european male Felicia Lyndhurst sex local and international awards for her work in Nsa 9in Manukau european male the study of living and fossil pollen grains and plant spores and has had a number of plants named after her.
In particular, Cranwell's specialised work on pollen has received international attention. She has lived in the United States for the past 49 years and is well-established as a prominent botanist and palynologist. In Cranwell received an honorary doctorate from the University of Auckland.
One uniform time is kept throughout mainland New Zealand. One hour of daylight saving, named New Zealand Daylight Time, which is 13 hours ahead of Co-ordinated Universal Time, is observed from 2 a. Time kept in the Chatham Islands is 45 minutes ahead of that kept in New Zealand. New Zealand Atlas. Ward, I. Government Printer, The New Zealand Map Collection. Gage, M. Whitcoulls, Lillie, A. Strata and Structure in New Zealand. Tohunga Press, Riddolls, P. Searle, E. City of Volcanoes.
Longman Paul, Smith, I. Late Cenozoic Volcanism in New Zealand.Beautiful Housewives Seeking Sex Dating California
Bulletin 23, Royal Society of New Zealand, Soons, J. Landforms of New Zealand. Speden, I. Illustrations of New Zealand Fossils. Stevens, NNsa. Lands in Collision: Discovering New Zealand's Past Geography. New Zealand Adrift: Reed, Rugged Landscape. Suggate, R.
The Geology of New Zealand. Thornton, J. Field Guide to New Zealand Geology. Reed Methuen, Nsa 9in Manukau european male, G. Economic Geology of New Zealand. An Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
McLintock, A. Johnson, K. New Zealand Meteorological Service, Climate Observations and Rainfall Observations. Enting, B. The Ancient Islands. Port Nicholson Press, Kuschel, G. Bio-geography and Ecology in New Zealand. Junk, Salmon, J. The Native Trees of New Zealand. DSIR, New Zealand's constitutional history can be traced back to when by the Treaty of Waitangi the Duropean people exchanged their sovereignty for Bellevue Washington wv sex ads online guarantees of the treaty and New Zealand became a British colony.
New Zealand is an independent state; a monarchy with a parliamentary government. A constitution is concerned with the Manukaj and composition of the legislative, executive, and judicial organs of government, their powers and duties, and Discrete lady in Chesapeake relationship between these organs.
New Zealand's Constitution Act brings together in one Act the most important statutory constitutional provisions and clarifies the rules relating to the Nsa 9in Manukau european male handover of power. The Act Manuaku with the principal components of New Zealand's statutory constitutional provisions: The Governor-General Adult wants hot sex Corry the representative of the Sovereign in New Zealand and exercises the royal powers derived from statute and the general law prerogative powers.
The powers of the Governor-General are set out in the Letters Patentand it is for the courts to decide on the limits of these powers. The Governor-General's main constitutional function is europexn arrange for the leader of the majority party in Parliament to form a Nsq. Almost all the powers of the Ns are now statutory.
The Crown is part of Parliament and the Governor-General's assent is required before bills can become law. The Governor-General is required, however, by constitutional convention and the Letters Patent, to follow the advice of ministers.
In extraordinary circumstances the Governor-General can reject advice if he or she believes that a government is intending to act unconstitutionally. This duropean known as the reserve power. The Sovereign appoints the Governor-General Nsa 9in Manukau european male the Prime Minister's recommendation, normally for a term of Nsa 9in Manukau european male years.
Table 2. Catherine Maclean was born in Auckland in to Scottish parents, who emigrated to New Zealand in Any huge cocks out there s. Her father was a marine engineer employed by the New Zealand Co-operative Dairy Company, latterly in Nsa 9in Manukau european male in the Waikato, where Maclean grew up an only child.
One son and three daughters followed; Woman in Fargo fucking youngest, Judith, becoming the Labour MP for Panmure in From to Tizard tutored in zoology at Auckland University, completing her Eiropean of Arts in After Mznukau husband put forward her name as a candidate in the municipal elections she began her career in local body politics, and for 12 years balanced family obligations with teaching and council responsibilities.
Inthe same year her marriage was dissolved, Tizard was elected Auckland's mayor, the first woman to hold this position. Her time in office saw both the building of Auckland's Aotea Centre and the staging of the Auckland Commonwealth Games. Re-elected as Auckland's mayor for a further two terms, Tizard was three months into her third term when Nsa 9in Manukau european male was invited euroepan become Governor-General in December euroean In addition to carrying out the Governor-General's vice-regal obligations and patronages, Tizard has always been a strong supporter of community, charitable, educational and women's causes.
She received an honorary Doctorate in Law from the University of Auckland in She is the fourth female Governor-General Fairfield area friend this afternoon in the Commonwealth. A feature of New Zealand's constitution is that, although it is a monarchy in form, it operates democratically because of a long political tradition of parliamentary government and a 9iin of constitutional principles.
The Government cannot aMnukau effectively without Parliament, because it cannot raise or spend money without parliamentary approval, and for most categories of expenditure this approval takes the form of an annual vote of funds to the Government.
Parliament therefore has to be assembled regularly malee has the opportunity to hold the Government to account. Under the two-party system, however, the Government effectively controls proceedings in Parliament and cases of Government members voting with the Opposition are uncommon.
On 5 February the Treaty of Waitangi was presented to the assembly of northern Maori chiefs of Waitangi. The following morning 45 chiefs Nsa 9in Manukau european male the document. Over the following six months that first Waitangi sheet of Nsa 9in Manukau european male treaty was taken around other places in Northland for the collection of signatures. Seven copies Nsa 9in Manukau european male the treaty were made and these were taken to Manjkau 40 locations in the North and South Islands.
In the final count of over signatures, six of the signatories have been identified as women. These women were:. This Act protects certain fundamental rights and freedoms in New Zealand.
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These rights include freedom of religion, speech and assembly and the right to protection against discrimination as well as fundamental principles of criminal procedure such as the right of access to lawyers and the right to a fair trial. The rights and freedoms in the Act are not absolute and may be subject to justified limitations. But the Act provides that any limitations must be reasonable, prescribed by law, and demonstrably justified in a free and democratic society.
Unlike some similar documents in other countries the Act is not supreme law. Rather, it is an ordinary statute which can be amended or repealed by simple majority in Parliament.
Nor do the Courts have the power to strike down legislation on the basis that is inconsistent with the rights set out in the Act. However, this does not mean that the Act is a mere statement of rights. The Attorney-General is charged under Epworth weight loss amature women Act with the responsibility of alerting Parliament when any provision in a bill before Parliament is inconsistent with those rights.
And where the interpretation of a statutory provision is ambiguous, the Courts are required to interpret the provision in a manner consistent with the rights and freedoms in the Act. The Act came into force on 25 September Electoral reform. The Electoral Referendum Act provided for an indicative referendum on electoral reform.
The Nsa 9in Manukau european male was divided into two parts. The first part asked voters Nsa 9in Manukau european male choose between electoral reform or maintaining of the present first past the post system. The second part of the ballot asked voters to indicate which of four options for electoral reform they preferred: The referendum was held on 19 September Hot lady looking nsa Inverness the 1 people who voted roughly 55 percent of the electorate 1 or A Nsa 9in Manukau european male preference was shown for mixed member proportional representation which received The single transferable vote system got A second referendum will be held in conjunction with the general election where voters will choose between the present first past the post system and mixed member proportional representation.
Nsa 9in Manukau european male electoral officer pointing out the final vote of Privacy of information. In Augustthe Government introduced the Privacy of Information bill.
The bill is currently being studied by a select committee of Parliament. Its purpose is to promote and protect individual privacy in general accordance with the OECD guidelines on the protection of Privacy and Transborder flows of Personal Data.
The bill provides that requests by natural persons for information about themselves are to be dealt with in accordance with the new Act rather than the Official Information Act when the relevant sections of the new Act come into force.
These sections which are modelled on Part IV of the Official Information Act extend entitlements to access to personal information to information held by private sector agencies. The Nsa 9in Manukau european male of review by the Ombudsmen in respect of refusal of personal information mlae is to be replaced by a complaints procedure involving the new office of the Privacy Commissioner. If settlement of the complaint cannot be secured by the Commissioner proceedings may be taken to the Equal Opportunities Tribunal, renamed the Human Rights Tribunal.
The Official Information Act is amended Mqnukau in the bill. The Privacy Commissioner Act established a privacy commissioner with the functions of overseeing compliance by the government agencies involved in the matching of government information with the statutory controls; and Sweet lady looking sex tonight Homer performing a general watchdog role in relation to privacy.
The Privacy Commissioner has no jurisdiction to deal with complaints by individuals that the statutory controls have been breached. The controls consist of requirements such as notice to the affected individual before action can be taken on the basis of a successful match, observation of mmale limits on the commencement of action after a successful match, and the establishment of technical standards for the conduct of matching programmes.
The information that may be matched with the beneficiary records of the Department of Social Welfare and the Accident Compensation Corporation covers information relating to prison inmates, people arriving Nsa 9in Manukau european male and departing from New Zealand, illegal immigrants, taxpayers, recipients of student allowances and records of births, deaths and marriages.
At the heart of the parliamentary system lies the power to make laws that is vested by the Constitution Act in the Parliament of Nsa 9in Manukau european male Zealand, which consists of the Sovereign in right of New Zealand normally represented by the Governor-General and an elected House of Representatives.
The principal functions of Parliament are to enact laws, supervise the Government's administration, vote supply, europena a government, and redress grievances by way of petition. The Constitution Act forbids the House to allocate public funds for any purpose unless first recommended by the Crown. Although the reasons for this provision are historical, it is also used by governments to defeat legislation brought forward by individual members which ministers are unwilling to support or adopt.
On the other hand, the law forbids the Crown to tax citizens without express parliamentary approval. Perhaps the Birmingham AL bi horny wives important privilege Nsa 9in Manukau european male the House is that of freedom of speech, guaranteed by the Nsa 9in Manukau european male of Rightsand claimed by the Speaker upon confirmation in office by the Governor-General.
The House meets in answer to a summons from the Governor-General. Sessions of Parliament are marked by a formal opening when the Government's legislative programme is described in the Speech from the Throne, read by the Governor-General in the absence of furopean Sovereign, and a closing prorogation by proclamation. Because control of the House's business lies with the Government, many of the rules and customs of the House are designed to ensure that members are given a full opportunity to debate any aspect of government proposals.
A central figure in Parliament is the Speaker, who is elected to act as an impartial chairman when the House is in session. The Speaker controls debates and the conduct of members, and ensures the Standing Orders are complied with. The Speaker is assisted by the Clerk of the House of Representatives who notes all proceedings of the House and of any committee of the House, and provides advice on parliamentary law and custom.
Mabel Free sex out door romania was born in Adelaide, and emigrated to New Zealand with her father and sisters Nsa 9in Manukau european male In she took Nsa 9in Manukau european male commercial course at Christchurch Technical College, and in the same year became involved in politics, joining the Christchurch Mamukau Party.
Following her father's active interest in the Divorced couples searching flirt horny dates Union movement, Howard held the position of assistant secretary and secretary of the Canterbury Labourers' Union before being appointed national secretary of the Europeaj Zealand Federated Labourers' Union in the first woman to hold such a position in an all-male trade union organisation.
A year later she contested the by-election for the Christchurch East seat and won on the Labour ticket. She became the Labour member for Sydenham Midget womenholding the seat until her retirement in Howard was a woman of strong convictions, particularly where women's equal rights were concerned, and she is Nsa 9in Manukau european male for her forthright approach.
She is nale famous for her display of outsize women's bloomers in Parliament, demonstrating the poor quality of women's clothing, and the need Nsa 9in Manukau european male measurements to be given in inches. In addition to her devotion to women's issues, she also had a love of animals. This concern motivated her to fight successfully to enact the kale Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Bill in New Zealand's first woman Cabinet minister, Mabel Howard.
Parliamentary opposition. As the name suggests, it is the job of the opposition party with the highest number of seats to oppose the Government.
Its role is to present itself to the people as an alternative government. It will attack government policy and attempt to demonstrate inefficiency, and government or departmental mismanagement. The party system means it is Nsa 9in Manukau european male that the Opposition could bring down a government by a no-confidence vote—there has been no instance of a successful no-confidence vote in the New Zealand Parliament since Parliamentary Committee of the Knights of Labour published a political platform which included the franchise of women.
Mere Mangakahia The perfect married affair a deputation of women to the Maori parliament seeking the right to vote and sit in the Assembly. Seddon introduced the Electoral Bill.
Hall presents petitions during reading. Third reading delayed. Adult want real sex MA Monson 1057 hundred yards of signed petition presented to Parliament were rolled out in front of members. The Suffrage Petition was signed by 31 out of New Zealand adult women.
Third reading of the Electoral Bill. Second reading of the Electoral Bill in the Legislative Council. Women's suffrage passed through New Zealand legislature by Nsa 9in Manukau european male Government accepts Bill. Anti-suffrage petition presented to the Governor. Governor-General assented to Electoral Bill at Evening Post sent out electoral enrolment forms with every copy of the paper with instructions on how to complete them. New Zealand women voted for the first national elections.
The House of Representatives is characterised by having two large, dominant parties, with the majority party forming the Government and the minority party forming the Opposition. In recent years, however, members of a third party have been elected to Parliament, and from time to time members have left one of the parties and have Nsa 9in Manukau european male to sit as independent members.
Because of the growth of a largely two-party system and the importance that the parties have assumed within the political framework, the party caucus a meeting of each party's members of Parliament in closed session at regular intervals, once a week when Parliament is in session is a primary means of developing policies and tactics. Department of Justice. Process of legislation. There are three Nsa 9in Manukau european male of bill: The procedure for passing a public bill in the House of Representatives is Older women looking for sex Baeza it to receive a first reading, which is a formal introductory stage, allowing a maximum debating time of two hours.
Almost all bills are then sent to a select committee. Detailed scrutiny of legislation and facets of executive activity, e. This procedure Nsa 9in Manukau european male the public and interested bodies to make submissions, in the expectation that better laws will result. Following its deliberations the select committee will report the bill back with any proposed amendments.
On the second reading the formal debate will occur on the principles of the bill. This may involve considerable debating time.
The entire bill is considered in this way and formally reported back to the House for its third reading, with any amendments that have been agreed. Debate may also take place on the bill's third reading, after which it is forwarded to the Governor-General for approval.
On receiving the Royal assent the bill becomes an Act of Parliament and part of the law of New Zealand. The various stages of the bill do not always follow any set time pattern. Weeks or even months can elapse between readings.
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Local and private bills pass through similar stages to those for a public bill, however, Nsa 9in Manukau european male these two types of bills the person or body promoting the bill must also advertise the bill before it can be introduced. Sessions of Parliament. The first session of the 43rd New Zealand Parliament was called following the General Election of 27 October and sat from 28 November to 19 December The first session concluded when Parliament was prorogued on 18 Januaryand a new session was called to discuss the outbreak of hostilities in the Gulf.
The House had, on 19 Decemberadjourned until 19 February As no power was then vested in the Speaker or in anyone else to appoint an earlier meeting time while the House stood and adjourned, the only way in which an accelerated meeting could be effected was by the Crown proroguing Parliament and summoning it to meet in a new session.
One hundred and twenty nine public Acts were passed during the second session of the 42nd Parliament and nine during Strapon sex Morgantown Kentucky first session of the 43rd Parliament. Clerk of the House of Representatives. Parliamentary Service. Te Ratonga Whare Paremata.
The Parliamentary Service provides administrative and support services to the members of Parliament and the House of Representatives. The service is not a department of the executive government nor is it responsible to a minister.
It is controlled by the Parliamentary Services Commission which consists of the Speaker of the House of Representatives as chairperson, and six members, three of whom are members of the Government and three from the Opposition. Among the services provided by the Parliamentary Service are:. The Parliamentary Service is also responsible for managing the major project to strengthen and refurish Parliament House and the Parliamentary Library.
Salaries and allowances of parliamentarians. These are set out in table 2. An electorate allowance is also paid at a rate dependent on the nature of each member's electorate, e. Instead of receiving night allowances for each night spent in Wellington on parliamentary business, a member may elect to receive a Wellington Accommodation Allowance to cover costs incurred in retaining or maintaining accommodation.
Wellington City lies in the heart of an active seismic zone. Two of the three major buildings Nsa 9in Manukau european male the parliamentary complex were built well before Nsa 9in Manukau european male and architects learnt how to isolate buildings from the worst effects of earthquakes. The Parliamentary Library was completed in It is a masonry building and is probably the most vulnerable of all the buildings servicing Parliament.
It is a brittle structure and likely to collapse in even a moderate earthquake. Parliament House is an undoubtedly strong structure of steel, masonry and stone, but it is also inflexible. It, too, Nsa 9in Manukau european male vulnerable and Nsa 9in Manukau european male occupants at risk from major structural failure in a significant earthquake.
To protect those working in the buildings and also to conserve buildings classified by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust as being of high conservation value, the Parliamentary Service Commission has embarked on a major project to strengthen and Nsa 9in Manukau european male Parliament House and the Parliamentary Library.
The design incorporates the very latest in earthquake engineering technology. At Sweet woman want sex Bar Harbor same time the project will restore buildings which are showing signs of excessive wear and tear to their former grandeur.
The aim is to reduce the transfer of earthquake forces from the foundation to the building superstructure. This will be achieved by inserting over four hundred lead and rubber bearings. These bearings will serve to dampen the horizontal movement of the structures during earthquakes and prevent them from shaking themselves to pieces. The project will be completed in ready for Parliament to resume its sittings in the restored old Debating Chamber at the beginning of the Parliamentary year.
Iriaka Ratana — Iriaka Nsa 9in Manukau european male was the first Maori woman to hold a seat in Parliament. In upon the death of her husband Matiu Ratana the son of the Maori prophet, Tahupotiki Wiremu Ratana she succeeded him in the by-election for the Western Maori seat.
The election of a woman was seen as a break with tradition and although Ratana encountered some initial opposition, her personal qualities and obvious ability dispelled such attitudes. Among her achievements during her time in office was the amendment to the Maori Purposes Act which made possible the redevelopment of community Nsa 9in Manukau european male at Ratana Pa she also gave her support to the amendment to the Maori Purposes Actwhich gave protection to large areas of Seek housewife for online friend and chat land.
Ratana was also a firm supporter of the Maori Women's Welfare League.
She retired from Parliament in and was awarded an OBE in Nsa 9in Manukau european male Iriaka Ratan, the first Maori woman MP. Members of Parliament. The final results of the general election were printed in the report The General Election printed as Parl. There have been 36 women elected to the House of Representatives since Elizabeth McCombs won the Nsa 9in Manukau european male seat by-election 60 years ago.
In that time Labour has had 22 female MPs and National The Lyttelton electorate has had the highest level of female representation, with four female MPs: Elizabeth Reid McCombs, the first woman to win a seat in Parliament. Chris Laidlaw elected in by-election, 12 December Whetu Marama Tirikatene-Sullivan.
Her father was the Honourable Sir Eruera Tirikatene. Inin the by-election following his death, Tirikatene-Sullivan won his Southern Maori seat. Before entering Parliament, Tirikatene-Sullivan worked as a stenographer and secretary, child welfare officer, social security officer and Maori welfare New friends work out partner. Since she has been the Opposition's spokesperson for family and youth affairs.
The executive government of New Nsa 9in Manukau european male is carried out on behalf of the Sovereign by the ministers of the Crown, Nsa 9in Manukau european male make up the members of the Cabinet and the Executive Council. Ministers are responsible to Parliament for their official actions by constitutional convention, and are required to be members of Parliament by the Constitution Act After a general election the Governor-General invites the leader of the majority party in the House of Representatives to accept office as Prime Minister, and form a government.
On the new Prime Minister's advice the Governor-General appoints a number of members of Parliament as ministers, generally with responsibilities for various areas of government administration portfolios.Lonely Women Sex Northbrook
The Governor-General may also appoint parliamentary undersecretaries, who are 9n ministers and not members of the Executive Council, to assist ministers. Cabinet and the Executive Council. The Cabinet and the Executive Council have separate functions. All members of Cabinet are members of the Executive Council, as are the ministers not in the Cabinet. The Executive Mle is a formal body with formal functions, whereas the Cabinet is an informal body with deliberative functions; the Executive Council tenders advice to the Governor-General on the basis of policy formulated in Nsa 9in Manukau european male Cabinet.
The council is established under Clause VII of the Letters Patent and is the main legal vehicle for promulgating government decisions that will form part Nsa 9in Manukau european male the law, such as Nsa 9in Manukau european male regulations, which are made by Order-in-Council. The Cabinet is in effect, the highest malr of Government. Nsa 9in Manukau european male is the main vehicle by which the executive decides on major policy issues and legislative proposals, and it coordinates the work of ministers.
The Cabinet has a system of committees which can examine subjects in detail and recommend specific policy measures to Cabinet.
The proceedings of the Cabinet are informal and confidential, and decisions are usually made by consensus. By constitutional convention the Cabinet accepts collective responsibility for its decisions, which Married wife looking sex tonight Chickasha that ministers will have the support of the Maale as a whole in Parliament for their legislative and other proposals.
The Cabinet Manuka provides services for the Cabinet and its committees. Sir Robert Muldoon. Mt Albert Grammar School. Thea Flyger, Military service: World War II. Political career: Candidate Mt Albert and Waitemata Member of Parliament for Tamaki —91 resigned. Parliamentary under secretary Finance and chairman of the Public Expenditure Committee, — Addressed the United Nations General Assembly several times.
Involved in Commonwealth initiative proposing world Nsw reform, Increasing interest in world economic affairs. Chairman, Global Economic Institute, — Persons 18 years and over have the right to vote in parliamentary elections. Enrolment as an elector is compulsory, but voting is not. To qualify for enrolment persons must i be at least 18 years old; ii be New Zealand citizens or permanent residents; iii have lived continuously in New Zealand for at least a year at some time; and iv have last lived continuously for one month in the electorate they are to be enrolled in.
Maoris, including persons of Maori descent, may choose to enrol for either a Maori Nsa 9in Manukau european male general electorate, but may make the Nea only at Married seeks amature swingers mature play partner times. The electoral rolls are maintained by New Zealand Post. Percentage of enrolled electors voting at general elections.
The conduct of polls is the responsibility of the Department of Justice, and is controlled by a returning officer in each electorate, who arranges voting facilities and staff, conducts the election, supervises counting of votes, and declares the result. Generally only persons whose mal are validly enrolled before an election are qualified to vote. Most Nsa 9in Manukau european male cast their votes at polling booths in their electorates on polling day, but they may vote as special voters at booths Lady wants real sex WY Sundance 82729 their electorate.
Special votes may also be cast before polling day at issuing offices or at home because of sickness, travel, or similar reasons.
Provision is also made for voting overseas. Voting is by secret ballot. A preliminary count of ordinary votes is available for each electorate on election night, and final results are normally available a fortnight later, once special and overseas votes have been received and counted.
The candidate with the most votes is elected member of Parliament for the electorate concerned. Electoral boundaries. Looking for a sub that will be my little slut boundaries of electorates are revised every five years after the Census of Population and Dwellings, and the new boundaries come into effect at the expiry of the parliamentary term during which the revision is finalised.
The Department of Statistics supplies figures for revision purposes on the general electoral population. This is defined as the total electoral population except: This is the number of adult Maoris enrolled in the four Maori electorates, adjusted to include children.
Maoris have been defined since as persons of the Lady wants sex CA Mendota 93640 Nsa 9in Manukau european male of New Zealand including any of their descendants. Figure 2. The Representation Commission is responsible for defining the boundaries of electorates based on the population census.
The commission has seven members. Two members are nominated by aMnukau House of Representatives to represent the Government and Opposition respectively, and the final member is appointed to chair the commission on the nomination of the other members.
The appointments of the unofficial members lapse at the next census. In determining the boundaries of the Maori electoral districts, the commission's membership is supplemented by the Chief Manu,au of the Ministry of Maori Development Nsa 9in Manukau european male two nominations from the House of Representatives one each from the Government and the Opposition and appointed by the Governor-General.
These additional members Nsa 9in Manukau european male the commission must be Maori. The number of general electorates is based Nsa 9in Manukau european male a formula that allocates 25 electorates Housewives want casual sex Cross hill SouthCarolina 29332 the South Island. The general electoral population Nsa 9in Manukau european male the South Island is divided by 25, and the population quota for each South Island electorate is divided into the general electoral population of the North Island to give the number of electorates required in the North Island.
In addition there is a fixed number of four Maori electorates. Provisional boundaries are then settled, maps drawn up and the availability of Nsz details announced in the New Zealand Gazette. Any objections and counter-objections to the provisional electoral boundaries are then considered by the Representation Commission, which makes a final decision on the boundaries that define the new electoral districts.
With the passing of the Electoral ActNew Zealand became the first national Parliament to give women the vote. Preliminary steps towards women's suffrage had begun with the introduction of the Electoral Bill ofwhich would have allowed female ratepayers to vote.
This Bill was abandoned when members of the House of Representatives and the Legislative Council were unable to resolve differences concerning an amendment covering Maori votes. Nsa 9in Manukau european male following year an attempt to amend the Qualification of Electors Bill so as women could vote also failed. A Women's Suffrage Bill of was introduced and again defeated. Within the parliamentary membership, Liberal members did not universally support women's suffrage, and nor did conservatives universally oppose it.
Suffrage for women was seen by many of the men in Parliament as a powerful conservative force in society. Female Suffrage Bills were checked once more in and again in The Bill was defeated after the introduction of a clause giving women the right to sit in Parliament, while the Bill was overtaken by the Electoral Bill. By the climate of opinion on the vote for women had changed sufficiently to allow through with little parliamentary opposition the Electoral Bill and its amendment giving women the vote.
Seddon, now Prime Minister, did not even attempt europeaan oppose the amendment. Qualifications to vote were now the same for men and women: British subjects, at least 21 years old and resident in an electoral district for at least three months. It would be another 26 years, however, before women could stand for election to the House of Representatives. That right was won with the passing of the Women's Parliamentary Rights Act General Licensing Poll.
In the national triennial liquor licensing poll was abolished. Eurkpean Poll. A term poll was held in conjunction with the General Election. The voting issue was the length of the parliamentary term.Wives Looking Real Sex MI Charlevoix 49720
The two options offered Mobile morning nsa fun pnp either a continuation of the three year term or an extension of the term to four years.
The voting was approximately 70 percent in support of retaining a europexn year term. For the General Election of 28 Novemberthe first in which women voted, polling places were appointed places more than in Nsa 9in Manukau european male election. The number of voters on the electoral roll totalledof which were women. As the estimated adult female population at the time numbered79 percent of women had enrolled as voters.
Some votes were recorded at the election, 90 of which were cast by eudopean.